Bladder cancer risks and treatment issues

  • S Vasudevan Medical College, Trivandrum


Bladder cancer is a common cause for painless hematuria with clot passage in any age especially past the third decade. Histologically 90% of bladder cancers are of urothelial origin. 5% are squamous cell carcinoma and less than 2% are adenocarcinomas or other variants.1 Urothelial carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract and is the second most cause of death among genitourinary tumours.

Author Biography

S Vasudevan, Medical College, Trivandrum

Additional Professor Urology

How to Cite
Vasudevan, S. (2013). Bladder cancer risks and treatment issues. IMA Kerala Medical Journal, 6(4), 79-83.