The Frequency and Clinical Profile of Rh D Alloimmunised Pregnancies in a Tertiary Care Centre in Kerala

  • P S Shaiji Medical College, Trivandrum.
  • D D Meena Medical College, Trivandrum
  • K C Usha Medical College, Trivandrum.
Keywords: Rh D alloimmunisation, RhIg, Hemolytic Disease of Fetus and Newborn, Anti D prophylaxis

Abstract

Introduction: Development of anti D immunoglobulin, Better facilities for early detection and treatment and better neonatal care has brought down the frequency and magnitude of HDFN. But assessment of frequency of Rh D alloimmunisation and HDFN in individual centres is important since it varies depending upon the monitoring facilities and access to health care system.
Aim: To find out the frequency of Rh D alloimmunisation in antenatal cases and frequency of HDFN in their offsprings.
Materials and Methods: Longitudinal cross sectional study done in Department of Transfusion Medicine on 64 antenatal cases positive for anti Rh D antibodies by ICT whose clinical profiles and antibody titres were recorded. Data was analysed in SPSS ver.17
Results: Out of 2496 RhD negative women tested with ICT,78 (3.12%)were positive. Failure to administer RhIg lead to alloimmunisation in 42(65.6%) cases. Frequency of HDFN was 57/ 64 cases. 53 RhD positive newborns were DCT positive (93.1%) and 4 were negative(6.9%). Male: female ratio 1.46:1.
Conclusion: Frequency of Rh D alloimmunisation is higher in the institution compared to global standards and majority are a result of lack of RhIg prophylaxis. Better strategies to prevent RhD alloimmunisation and introduction of interventions like IUT are warranted.

Author Biographies

P S Shaiji, Medical College, Trivandrum.

Professor & Head of Department, Department of Transfusion Medicine

D D Meena, Medical College, Trivandrum

Additional Professor, Department of Transfusion Medicine

K C Usha, Medical College, Trivandrum.

Professor & HOD, Department of Transfusion Medicine

Published
2013-12-30
How to Cite
Shaiji, P., D Meena, D., & Usha, K. (2013). The Frequency and Clinical Profile of Rh D Alloimmunised Pregnancies in a Tertiary Care Centre in Kerala. IMA Kerala Medical Journal, 6(4), 88-92. https://doi.org/10.52314/kmj.2013.v6i4.302
Section
Original Research