Sperm Retrieval Techniques for the Management of Male Infertility

  • Jithin M Lal Government Medical College, Kottayam
  • Suresh Bhat Government Medical College, Kottayam
Keywords: Surgical Sperm Retrieval, Epididymal Techniques and Testicular Techniques, Complications of Sperm Retrieval Techniques and Contraindications


Infertility is an important public health problem faced by many couples in our country. The introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for the treatment of male infertility and its success in azoospermic men demonstrating that the sperm retrieved from epididymis or testis were capable of normal fertilization and conception are the major achievements in the management of male infertility. This article reviews the various techniques for sperm retrieval which helps in the treatment of male infertility.

Author Biographies

Jithin M Lal, Government Medical College, Kottayam

Senior Resident, Department of Urology

Suresh Bhat, Government Medical College, Kottayam

Professor, Department of Urology

How to Cite
Lal, J., & Bhat, S. (2016). Sperm Retrieval Techniques for the Management of Male Infertility. Kerala Medical Journal, 9(4), 167-171. Retrieved from https://www.keralamedicaljournal.com/index.php/KMJ/article/view/430